Article 1117

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Karnishina Natalia Gennadievna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of history of Russia, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Karnishin Valery Yur'evich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of history of Russia, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. The investigation of the role of orthodoxy in the national selfconsciousness of Russians becomes important in transitional periods of the Russian history, for example in the late XIX – early XX centuries and relevant for investigation of the modern self-consciousness in Russia. The study of the history of statehood of late imperial Russia might not be full without an investigation of the genesis of orthodoxy as the state religion and the place of the Russian orthodox church in this model.
Materials and methods. The investigation was based on published and unpublished archival sources, memories of church priests, print materials. The methodology consisted of formal-logical, statistic, comparative-historical methods.
Results. The authors investigated the place of orthodoxy as the state religion in the ideology of autocracy and in the structure of the national self-consciousness of population of the Russian Empire of the late XIX – early XX centuries, political and law concepts.
Conclusions. The authors analyzed the place and role of orthodoxy in the state ideology of autocracy, as well as the genesis of confessional policy in late imperial Russia.

Key words

church reform, orthodox clergy, confessional policy of autocracy, Russian orthodox church, conservatism.

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